Punjab is a state in North India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. The state capital is located in Chandigarh, a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana.
After the partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of British India was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian Punjab was divided on the basis of language in 1966. It was divided into 3 parts. Haryanvi speaking areas (dialect of Hindi) were carved out as Haryana, Hilly regions and Pahari speaking areas formed Himachal Pradesh alongside the current state of Punjab. Punjab is the only Sikh majority state in India with Sikhs being 57.69% of the population. Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab.
Other major industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. Punjab has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India, which are located in "Steel Town" Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district. It is known for the sports hub Jalandhar.
The food of Punjab has a huge assortment of mouth-watering vegan and in addition non veggie lover dishes. The flavor content reaches from negligible to wonderful to high. Punjabi nourishment is generally savored by individuals of all groups. In Punjab, home cooking contrasts from the eatery cooking style. At the eateries, the gourmet experts make a liberal utilization of desi ghee, spread and cream to make the nourishment lip smacking and finger licking. Then again, at home, individuals incline toward utilizing sunflower oil or some other refined oil for cooking, with the essential thought of making the sustenance low in fat substance.
Popular Punjabi Dishes
Chicken Curry with Tomatoes (Murgha Kari)
Fried Garlic Pepper Chicken
Murgh Musallam Chicken Curry
Zeera Murg (Cumin Chicken)
Makki Di Roti
The word Punjab is a compound of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (waters). Thus Panjāb roughly means "the land of five rivers". The five rivers are the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jehlum (also spelled Jhelum). Traditionally, in English, there used to be a definite article before the name, i.e. "The Punjab".The name is also sometimes spelled as "Panjab".
While the Greeks already referred to Punjab as Pentapotamia, an inland delta of five converging rivers, the name Punjab was given to the region by the Central Asian Turkic conquerors of India, and popularised by the Turco-Mongol Mughals.
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