Do you know Ferdinand Monoyer? Well, he is the man who invented the eye test. On his 181st birth anniversary, search engine Google, with the help of an animated Doodle, paid special tribute him. The French ophthalmologist developed the diopter, a unit of measure of the optical power of a lens or curved mirror. Still in use today, it measures the distance you'd have to be from text to see it clearly. Monoyer, who was born in France in 1836, pioneered the way we measure eye sight.
He is best known for creating the Monoyer chart, as well as introducing the dioptre as a measurement for visual clarity. On his 181st birth anniversary, Parul M Sharma, Senior Eye Surgeon, Max Mutli-Speciality Hospital, Gurugram shares with you some Do's and Don'ts of eye care. "Chances of eye infection are more in summers and monsoon, especially if you have been in public places, swimming or interacted with someone having conjunctivitis. And, contact lens users need to take extra care in summer months as chances of infection are higher. Daily cleaning of contact lens should be followed religiously. One should not wear contact lens while swimming," says Sharma.
Include more green veggies and fruits in diet: Following a healthy diet, rich with fresh fruits, raw green vegetables, will benefit your body to be fit as well as your eyes to be strong and sharp.
Adequate sleep: Night owls might not agree, but sure, they are risking their eye health while sitting late night. Like your body, eyes too require adequate sleep and rest at night, so that it can function properly without being puffy, red and tired.
Maintain proper hygiene: Wash your hands properly before rubbing your eyes or even touching your eyes. Those who wear contact lens should strictly follow the hygiene instructions to avoid allergies and infections in eyes.
Regular eye check-up: It is highly recommended that you visit your eye specialist, at least in a six months interval to make sure that your eyes are fit and perfect, just like nay other part of your body. Visiting your eye specialist at regular intervals also help you to diagnose any problem related to your eyes, at the initial phase itself, like myopia or cataract.
Quit smoking and liquor: Research show that smoking leads to damage of eye muscles and tiny blood vessels, thus increasing the risks of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, dry eye syndrome, and other conditions.
Wear sun glasses while in the sun: Sunlight is essential but not too much of it. During dry hot days, avoid going out in the sun or look directly to strong sunrays. Good quality sun shades and protective eye war can help to protect your eyes from external agents like strong light, UV rays, flashes etc.
Exercise regularly: Regular exercise not only keeps your body fit but also makes your eyes healthy by pumping more blood and oxygen to your eyes.
Rest your eyes while at work: Majority of office jobs require constant and direct glaring at the computer screen, making it difficult for your eyes. Make sure to take a break, every twenty minutes. Just close your eyes or get some fresh air.
Avoid over-the-countertop medicines for eye infections: Most people resort to instantly available over-the-top medications like eye drops or ointments for small eye infections or allergies, which may later become fatal. Wash your eyes with fresh water and even if the pain or irritation persists, consult your eye specialist.
Keep a safe distance from electronic screens: Adults are exposed to computer screens at work place while kids are glued to TV screen at home, leading to eye problems. Make sure that your TV is kept at a maximum distance while viewing.
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